The Atlantic Provinces of Canada - Brazolot Migration Group

The Atlantic Provinces of Canada

Newfoundland Labrador

The capital city of this province is St. John’s which is located on the Island of Newfoundland. The province is the most eastern point of the continent and while the island of Newfoundland has its own time zone, which is three and a half hours behind Greenwich Mean Time, the majority of Labrador is in the Atlantic Time Zone which is -4 GMT. The province is best know for it’s natural beauty as well as being one of the best places to observe up to twenty two species of whales. During the summer months these whales can be seen from the shoreline breaching the surface of the water.

Another attraction in the province is the archaeological discovery of a Viking settlement on Newfoundland which was declared a World Heritage site in 1978.

The majority of the population, at approximately 96%, are British and Irish and about 2% are of French descent, with the remaining 2% being made up of native peoples and other ethnic groups.

The province’s main industries are oil, fish products, newsprint, iron ore and electricity.

The average house price in the province is $230,000. The average hourly wage of full time employees in Newfoundland & Labrador is $22.46 which is below the Canadian average of $24.81.

Prince Edward Island

This is the smallest province in Canada and is known for its beaches, red soil and agriculture. It is known as ‘The Garden Province’ as over half the island is cultivated and its main industry is agriculture. The capital city is Charlottetown which like the rest of the province is picturesque. The province falls within the Atlantic Time Zone which is 4 hours behind GMT. Prince Edward Island is known as the ‘Birthplace of Confederation’, referring to the Charlottetown Conference which was held there in 1864, although Prince Edward Island did not join the Confederation itself until 1873 when it became the seventh Canadian province. The island is located in the mouth of the St. Lawrence River and is connected to the mainland by one of the longest continuous multispan bridges in the world which is the 13 kilometre Confederation Bridge.

Tourism is the province’s second largest industry after agriculture, with visitors from around the world coming to Green Gables House, the museum about L.M. Montgomery, author of the Anne of Green Gables books, and to experience the beauty of Prince Edward Island National Park with its large beach of reddish sand, sand dunes, salt marshes and red sandstone cliffs. The third largest industry is fishing, although food processing is also important in the province.

The population of the island is approximately 138,500 and approximately 75% of people are of Scottish, Irish and English descent and approximately 15 % are of French origin.

The average hourly wage of full time employees on P.E.I. is $20.60 compared with the Canadian average of $24.81 and the average house price is $147,000.

Nova Scotia

The province falls in the Atlantic Time Zone which is 4 hours behind GMT. The capital city of the province is Halifax which reflects the Scottish heritage of the majority of the first settlers in the province. Nova Scotia now has the highest population of all the Atlantic Provinces. Over 80% of the population are of British ancestry, 18% are of French ancestry with the remaining 2% including German, Dutch, Poles, Ukrainian, Chinese, Scandinavian and native peoples . The province also has the oldest African-Canadian community part of whose history began with the abolition of slavery throughout the Empire by The British Parliament prohibited in 1833. With the abolition, thousands of slaves in the United States escaped into Canada via the Underground Railroad and settled in the province.

Halifax has played a role in the immigration process with most immigrants before air travel arriving there by ship. Pier 21, where most early migrants landed in Canada, is now home to the Canada Museum of Immigration.

Besides its natural coastal beauty exemplified by the well known Peggy’s Cove, a quaint fishing village with a lighthouse, which has earned the province the name ‘Canada’s ocean playground.’ Other attractions in the province are the Citadel, a fort built in 1856 which sits overlooking Halifax harbour and the Alexander Graham Bell National Historic Site, located on Cape Breton Island which has a museum displaying his inventions including the telephone. There is also The Fortress of Louisbourg which is the largest reconstructed 18th-century French fortified town in North America.

While Nova Scotia’s main industry is forestry, it also has a large fishing industry, as well as mining and manufacturing industries.

The province’s average hourly wage of full time employees is $21.94 and the average house price is $191,000.

New Brunswick –

The capital city of the province is Fredericton. New Brunswick is situated towards the northern end of the Appalachian mountain range which runs along the western edge of the province and up into Newfoundland and Labrador and stretches down to the southern US state of Alabama.

New Brunswick is the only officially bilingual province, reflecting the province’s historic Loyalist and Francophone heritage. The population of approximately 753,000 is approximately 65% British, 33% French with other ethnic groups such as native peoples, Chinese, Dutch, Spanish, German, Arabic and Italian making up the remainder.

It is the most western province that falls in the Atlantic Time Zone which is 4 hours behind Greenwich Mean Time.

New Brunswick is well known for whale watching opportunities in the Bay of Fundy as well as the Rocks National Park where strange shaped rock formations rise out of the sea.

The province, like the other Atlantic Provinces has forestry, agriculture and fishing as primary industries, as well as mining and manufacturing although in recent years the province is attracting and diversifying into the science and technology sector.

The average hourly wage of full time employees in New Brunswick is $20.95 and the average house price is a very affordable $152,000.

Find out about the other regions in Canada

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